Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017 Apr;25(2):113-118. doi: 10.1097/MOO.0000000000000342. Different branching patterns of the spinal accessory
The accessory nerve is a spinal nerve that supplies the sternocleidomastoid and trapezius muscles. It is considered the eleventh of twelve pairs of cranial nerves
The spinal accessory nerve (SAN) or XI cranial nerve is frequently encountered during neck surgery, and as such is at risk of iatrogenic injury, resulting in
CN XI. Spinal Accessory Nerve The spinal accessory nerve originates from neuronal cell bodies located in the cervical spinal cord and caudal medulla. Most are
J Reconstr Microsurg. 2005 Jan;21(1):29-33; discussion 34. Reconstruction of the spinal accessory nerve with autograft or neurotube? Two case reports.